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Electric Cars 101
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Posted October 1, 2019
Electric cars are one of the hottest trends when it comes to buying cars. These cars use less gas and could be the future of car technology, but did you know there are different types of electric cars? Keep reading to see if one might fit your lifestyle.
The basics
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As mentioned, electric cars are a popular option when shopping for vehicles. These cars can run partially on gas and partially on electricity, hence the name. While these cars can be more expensive up front, according to fleetcarma.com, “…the average electric vehicle can save a driver who drives 15,000 miles in a year about $850 annually on fuel.”
Plug-in hybrids
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With a plug-in hybrid, you get the best of both worlds. This type of electric car runs on electricity and gasoline. Since you are able to use both electricity and gasoline, when you have longer trips you can use the gasoline engine. With this car, you will need to have access to a plat to plug-in; a 120V outlet typically works. These vehicles are only able to be charged at a level 1 or level 2 charging station. Level 1 charging is done with a 120V outlet and level 2 charging is done with a 240V outlet.
Battery-Electric cars
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This type of electric car runs only on electricity and does not take gasoline. Since this car is strictly electric, you’ll want to make sure you are constantly charging your car. Always make sure you charge your car long enough for your intended trip. Compared to the plug-in hybrid car, the battery-electric car is considered more “green”. Since the battery-electric car has no tailpipe, it does not directly create any pollution.
Charging electric cars
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Since these cars run off of electricity, you’ll probably want to know about the different types of charging that are available to you. There are three different types of charging: level 1, level 2, and level 3. Below you can find more information on each type.

Level 1:
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The easiest and most common form of charging
     - You can charge at home using a 120V outlet
     - Can take up to 8 hours to recharge your battery completely

Level 2:
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You can find level 2 charging at public parking lots
     - Can take up to 4 hours to recharge your battery completely
     - This uses a 240V which you can install at your home for a quicker charge

Level 3 (DC fast charging):
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Can recharge your battery completely within 30 minutes
     - This type of charging is much harder to find, but can be found along some transit corridors
     - These chargers have been created by Tesla Super Charge Network and the Nissan CHAdeMO
Sources:
https://www.car-ed.com/2018/07/22/phevs-need-to-know/
https://www.fleetcarma.com/
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